The upper turning element shows the number. After the 31st date appear such tablets like: "Rearrange Month", "Rotate Slowly" and "Leningrad Goznak Mint". The rotating element is decorated with medallions depicting the figures of "Horse Tamers". The month is changed by removing the metal plate on the right and changing cards according to month. The day of the week can be changed manually by turning the handle on the right onto yourself.
Table calendar. The beginning of the 1950s.
The tumbler was invented in ancient times, in the 12th century in Japan (as a symbol of concentration and detachment). Even 200 years ago it was possible to buy wooden "kuvyrkans" and "van’ka vstan’ka" at Russian fairs. The red tumbler is perhaps the only replica of the old world in the time of Soviet power. It was a kind of basic Soviet toy, along with metallic whirligig. The tumbler for mass production was developed by a toy research institute in Zagorsk in 1958.
Toy “Nevalyashka” (tumbler), model of 1958.
The cup holders were an essential attribute of the Soviet everyday life, and special series were produced for special occasions. For example, this series was dedicated to the successes of the USSR in space exploration. No one thought why on earth a purely patriarchal thing like a cup holder should be used to glorify the great success in the sphere of space exploration. Although people soon started joking that they must be made of cosmic dust.
The cup holder “Space”. The beginning of the 1960s.
“The Seagull” is an exact replica of the Dutch vacuum cleaner Remoco SZ49 made in the 1930s. In the USSR, this vacuum cleaner became popular because it was trouble-free and easy to use. People especially noted its stylish design and ergonomics. Soviet marketers, if it is possible to call them so, heard something cosmic in the name "The Seagull". And indeed, the word "Seagull" became the byname of Valentina Tereshkova, the first female cosmonaut.
Vacuum cleaner “Chaika” (seagull). Model of 1963.
The most popular Soviet SLR camera was developed at the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant (KMZ). Mass production of this camera was implemented in 1965-1982. Over 8 million units were produced. It is a world record. The “Zenith” of early releases had a removable ocular ring, which made it possible to install a dioptric lens (from glasses) to correct the photographer's vision. The majority of photos in family albums were taken by Zenith.
Photo camera “Zenith-E”, Model of 1965
In the USSR, lighting devices were developed for public spaces, and those "for home, for family" were their replicas. For example, the black lamp of the 1930s was the "younger sister" of the massive "narkomovskaya" (used in Peoples’ Commissariat). But the 1960s were revolutionary years: the design of lamps now replicated foreign designs and was not tied to "big style". Designs of table lamps were created by the artist Mikhail Olenev. The lamp of 1968 is especially functional, elegant, and light.
Table lamp. Model of 1968.
The design was developed by the artist Adolf Irbite, who created images for almost all the products that have been manufactured in Riga's factories since the 1930s. The monophonic network first class radio gramophone "Rigonda-102" was produced at the "Radiotechnika" (radio engineering) plant. Comparing to the previous model, it provided more steady reception and better sound quality. The output power and the sensitivity of the tuning indicator was doubled.
Radio Gramophone “Rigonda-102”. Model of 1971.
There was a cult of chess in the USSR: they were supposed to demonstrate the intellectual superiority of socialism. Our sportsmen participated in plays for the title of world champion. The triumph was the battle between two Soviet champions Karpov and Kasparov in 1984-1985. That time the number of chess-lovers was unbelievably high, and the chess clock became a symbol that could be recognized at the first glance. There were chess clocks of the first and second class, they also were small and large.
A clock for playing chess “Slava” (Glory). Model of the 1980s.
The manufacturer defined it as a "household carrying cassette monophonic". It was a symbol of wealth, and at the same time this did not become a reason for it not to become a symbol of uncensored art. A mains power supply was integrated into the device, and it also could work using the energy from batteries or car accumulator. Due to this, a new teenage culture emerged in the USSR: now the tape recorder could be listened to on the go and records could be taken.
The tape recorder “Electronics 321”. Model of 1981.
Unified semiconductor portable black and white television was produced at the Moscow Radio Engineering Plant. The key word is portable: people placed it at cottages, recreation centers, teachers' rooms. The model is legendary: many people for the first time watched "Vzglyad" (Sight), the Congress of People's Deputies and the series "The Slave of Isaura" on its screens. Its main features were shockproof case and explosion-proof kinetoscope, push button program switch and frame antenna. Weight of 9 kg.
Television set “Yunost’-406D” (Youth). Model of 1987.
“It was “Higher School” in miniature. Everybody learnt from everybody here. Any discovery became a public property”.
Elene Aleksandrovna Vyaznikova